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ESD - Recent revisions of phosphate rock reserves and ...

Abstract. Phosphate rock (PR) is a finite mineral indispensable for fertilizer production, while P (phosphorus) is a major pollutant if applied or discharged in excess, causing widespread eutrophication (Carpenter and Bennet, 2011). High-grade PR is obtained from deposits which took millions of years to form and which are gradually being depleted.

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Phosphate rock resources of the United States

Abstract. In 1980, the United States produced about 54 million tons of phosphate rock, or about 40 percent of the world's production, of which a substantial amount was exported, both as phosphate rock and as chemical fertilizer. During the last decade, predictions have been made that easily ruinable, low-cost reserves of phosphate rock would be ...

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Solubility and cation exchange in phosphate rock and ...

Abstract Mixtures of zeolite and phosphate rock (PR) have the potential to provide slow-release fertilization of plants in synthetic soils by dissolution and ion-exchange reactions. This study was conducted to examine solubility and cation-exchange relationships in mixtures of PR and NH4- and K-saturated clinoptilolite (Cp).

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The determination of magnesia in phosphate rock

RP484 THEDETERMINATIONOFMAGNESIAINPHOSPHATE ROCK ByJamesI.Hoffman ABSTRACT Amethodforthedeterminationofmagnesiainphosphaterockispresented ...

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Heavy metal pollution from phosphate rock used for the ...

Abstract. Phosphate rock belongs mainly to sedimentary, slightly to igneous, and negligibly to metamorphic rocks. It is used for the production of phosphorous based fertilizers, acids, detergents and many products of common use. The rock is mainly composed …

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Agronomic effectiveness of biofertilizers with phosphate ...

Yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) inoculated with rhizobia (strains NFB 747 and NFB 748) or not inoculated was the test crop. Biofertilizers were produced in field furrows by mixing phosphate rock (PR) and sulphur inoculated with Acidithiobacillus (S+Ac) in different rates (50, 100, 150 and 200 g S kg(-1) PR), with 60 days of incubation.

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Unconventional uranium in China's phosphate rock: Review ...

Abstract. Some phosphate rock contains elevated concentrations of natural uranium. China is the largest phosphate rock producing country in the world and will soon have the largest uranium requirements in the world as well. Most phosphate rock deposits in China show low uranium concentrations (20–30 mg/kg) so that the recovery of radiotoxic ...

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(PDF) Evaluation of Eppawala rock phosphate as a ...

J . Natn. Sci. Coun, Sri Lanka 1986 14(2) : 251-260 EVALUATION OF EPPAWALA ROCK PHOSPHATE AS A PHOSPHORUS SUPPLEMENT IN DIETS FOR GROWING CHICKENS AND PIGS G. A. P. GANEGODA, S. P. GUNARATNE Veterinary Research Institute, Gannomwa, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka AND A. A. P. GUNATILAKR Veterinary Investigation Centre, Welisara, Ragama, Sri Lanka.

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Relative Agronomic Effectiveness of Phosphate Rock ...

Direct application of phosphate rock (PR) may provide the essential phosphorus (P) nutrient for crop production in acid soils.However, the agronomic effectiveness of PR depends on several factors including PR reactivity, soil properties, and crop species.This greenhouse study investigated the effects of PR reactivity, soil pH, Al saturation, and crop species on the initial and residual ...

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Phosphate Rock - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Rock phosphate, the primary raw material for fertilizer and phosphoric acid, occurs as high-grade ore (+30% P 2 O 5), medium-grade ore (20%–30% P 2 O 5), and low-grade ore (15%–20% P 2 O 5). The very high-grade ore blends with medium-grade ore for direct sale. The high-grade ore is mined, crushed, and sold to various fertilizer plants.

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Phosphate Rock In Colombia A Preliminary Report

ABSTRACT Exploration for phosphate rock in Colombia was successfully carried out in 3% months in 1966 by the U.S. Geological 'Survey and the Inventario Minero Nacional of the Ministry of Mines and Petroleum of the Government of Colombia; the investigation was financed through a …

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Imazapyr sorption on a macroporous mesoporous natural ...

Jul 14, 2021· Abstract Imazapyr sorption on a macroporous mesoporous natural phosphate rock Author(s): M. Flayou and S. El Hajjaji . The removal of imazapyr pesticide from aqueous solutions, using amacroporous natural phosphate rock (PR)as adsorbent, is studied. The adsorption equilibrium, isotherms and kinetics for imazapyr are studied and the data was ...

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CSIRO PUBLISHING | Soil Research

Abstract. Dissolution of North Carolina phosphate rock (PR) in the rhizosphere of white lupin (Lupinus albus) and narrow leaf lupin (L. angustifolius) was measured in a growth chamber experiment. Plants were grown for 8-13 days in an artificial soil (pure alumina sand) at alkaline pH to eliminate dissolution of PR due to reaction with the soil.

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[PDF] Effect of sulphur added to phosphate rock on ...

Abstract For ground phosphate rock (GPR) to be applied as phosphorus fertilizer, the availability of phosphorus to plants needs to be improved. One possible way to achieve this is by adding sulphur, which will accelerate decomposition of phosphate in soil owing to the activation of microbiological processes. This study involved granulation of fertilizers composed of phosphate and sulphur mixed ...

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Phosphate producers hit rock bottom | C&EN Global Enterprise

Suppliers of phosphate rock and fertilizers made from it are faced with a fairly bleak outlook over the next few years. Against rising production capacity, demand on the world market is declining. As a consequence, the weakening of prices that set in this year may continue through 1980. This is the general picture that emerged when delegates met in London earlier this month for the 50th annual ...

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Solubilization of rock phosphate by spent wash and its ...

Abstract: Application of N&K + 75% P through SSP recorded significantly highest N, P, K and S uptake by crop found significantly superior to their lower levels. Results further indicate that solubilization of rock phosphate remained at par with RP:[email protected]:80 but recorded significantly N,P,K, and S uptake by grain and straw as compared to ...

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WAPHCO Project: How to Produce High-Quality Merchant Grade ...

Jun 26, 2020· Abstract. The WAPHCO Project consists of the construction of a phosphoric acid plant producing 500,000 metric tons of P2O5 per year as merchant grade acid ("MGA") from the adjacent Abu Tartour phosphate ore mine in the southwestern desert of Egypt.

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Updated Characterization of Dorowa Phosphate Rock Mined in ...

Oct 04, 2019· Abstract. The physical and chemical characteristics of mined phosphate rock will vary temporally as the location and nature of the ore body changes and as the type of equipment used in the beneficiation processes change over time. For the Dorowa phosphate rock (DPR) in Zimbabwe where economic challenges have affected the viability of phosphate ...

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Abstract - PubMed

Rock phosphate when applied alone was recorded inferior but its performance significantly improved with compost or its pre-addition with FYM and HA, that further enhanced upon acidulation. Maize grain yield increased by 21, 22.2, 67.9 and 94% with RP, ARP, ARP enriched compost and ARP+ compost respectively, over control.

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Mineral resource of the month: Phosphate rock

Abstract. As a mineral resource, "phosphate rock" is defined as unprocessed ore and processed concentrates that contain some form of apatite, a group of calcium phosphate minerals that is the primary source for phosphorus in phosphate fertilizers, which are vital to agriculture. Publication type.

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Impurities in phosphate rock. - CAB Direct

Abstract : Phosphate rock is one of the more abundant of the world's natural resources, but each deposit has its own characteristics which must be taken into account when processing. As the quality of phosphate rock available for processing declines, the P 2 O 5 content goes down and the content of impurities. tends to rise.

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Phosphate-Rock Resources of the United States

ABSTRACT In 1980, the United States produced about 54 million tons of phosphate rock, or about 40 percent of the world's produc­ tion, of which a substantial amount was exported, both as phos­ phate rock and as chemical fertilizer. During the kst decade, predictions have been made that eas­ ily minable, low-cost reserves of phosphate rock ...

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ROCK PHOSPHATE: ITS AVAILABILITY AND SOLUBILIZATION …

ABSTRACT A high grade quality rock phosphate is an essential requirement for manufacturing of phosphatic fertilizers. In India, 15.3 mt of indigenous deposits of high grade rock phosphate could meet hardly 35% of the total demand and remaining demand is …

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Recent revisions of phosphate rock reserves and resources

Abstract Phosphate rock (PR) is a finite mineral indispensible for fertilizer production and a ma-jor pollutant. High grade PR is obtained from deposits which took millions of years to form and are gradually being depleted. Over the past three years, global PR reserves

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Phosphate Rock - NASA/ADS

Abstract Citations References Co-Reads Similar Papers ... Export Citation NASA/ADS. Phosphate Rock Sheldon, Richard P. Abstract. Publication: Scientific American. Pub Date: June 1982 DOI: 10.1038/scientificamerican0682-45 Bibcode: 1982SciAm.246f..45S full text sources.

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Chemical and physical characteristics of phosphate rock ...

Abstract Several chemical and physical properties of 10 phosphate rock (PR) materials of varying reactivity were evaluated. These included North Carolina phosphate rock (NCPR), Sechura phosphate …

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Effect of phosphate solubilizing bacteria and arbuscular ...

Abstract. The effect of phosphorus solubilizing bacteria Bacillus polymyxa and AM-mycorrhizal fungi Rhizophagus fasciculatus with and without rock phosphate treatments on growth of Terminalia paniculata and T. tomentosa were studied in nursery. The results showed that the combined inoculation of both PSB, AM fungi and rock phosphate produced ...

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Phosphate Rock | Scientific.Net

Abstract: The defluoridation capacity of phosphate rock in the presence of oxalic acid was investigated using batch experiments. Defluoridation capacity of phosphate rock was enhanced in the presence of oxalic acid, removing fluoride from 22.46% up to 57.98% with 2.5 mmol/L oxalic acid.

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Phosphorus availability as affected by the application of ...

The effectiveness of rock phosphate was generally low compared with fertilizers such as triple super phosphate. This is attributed to the relatively low solubility of the rocks as opposed to the readily water soluble phosphorus fertilizers. Phosphate rocks are available locally and are cheaper than triple super phosphate. If the solubility of ...

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Abstract: Evaluation of Agronomic Effectiveness of ...

Abstract: Unlike water soluble phosphorus (P) fertilizers, most phosphate rocks (PRs) are non-reactive in agricultural soils, particularly in neutral to alkaline soils. One innovative and practical approach to enhancing PR agronomic efficiency is "activation" of the PRs with water soluble P (WSP) fertilizers.

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Di-calcium phosphate by direct acidulation of phosphate rock

ABSTRACT An investigation was undertaken to develop a process for producing di-calcium phosphate by direct acidulation of phosphate rock. In general, when phosphate rock is treated with sulfuric acid, mono-calcium phosphate ... phosphate rock to the filtrate and final separation of di-calcium phos­ ...

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Genomic and Phenotypic Insights Into the Potential of Rock ...

Abstract Rock phosphate (RP) is a natural source of phosphorus for agriculture, with the advantage of lower cost and less impact on the environment when compared to synthetic fertilizers. However, the release of phosphorus (P) from RP occurs slowly, which may limit its short-term availability to crops.

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Phosphate rock: factors in economic and technical ...

Jan 01, 1994· Abstract Citations References (7) Co-Reads Similar Papers ... Metrics Export Citation NASA/ADS. Phosphate rock: factors in economic and technical evaluation Notholt, A. J. G. Abstract. Publication: Geological Society of London Special Publications.

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The effectiveness of rock phosphate fertilisers in ...

Jan 01, 1988· Abstract . Plant responses to apatite rock phosphates and Calciphos, a calcined calcium iron-aluminium rock phosphate fertiliser, have been measured in many pot and field experiments in Australia, but there is no consistent view of the agronomic effectiveness of these fertilisers. Quantitative indices of the effectiveness of freshly applied ...

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Production of defluorinated dicalcium phosphate from ...

Abstract. A new process to produce defluorinated dicalcium phosphate (DCP) using phosphate rock concentrate has been developed. This new process has as main characteristic the low concentration of P 2 O 5 in the liquid phase. The process comprises three main steps: solubilization of the phosphate rock concentrate with sulfuric acid ...

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